HISTORY OF URDU LANGUAGE
The word Urdu means “Army”. It was awarded with this name because it was developed by the army of first mughal emperor Babar, when Babar invaded south Asia, he had a large number of soldier which included form different countries, such as Turkey, Arab, Iran, Russia, Afganistan, south Asia and many other countries. The soldiers had facing problems in delivering communication because of language variation. The soldiers gradually developed an new language containing with from the language of all soldiers, and it called Urdu, Urdu had to go through the steps of evolution new words were created which belong only to Urdu, thence Urdu begain to become famous because its flexibility.
When British came to south Asia they brought their language English with them, Urdu had no hesitation accepting the terms and word from English.
Today, Urdu is continuously passing through the process of evolution became of its flexibility, perhaps that’s the reason Urdu has be come the third most popular language of the world. Mughal Emperor Shahjahan built a new walled city shanjahanbad in Delhi is 1639. The market close to the royal fort (Red Fort came to be called Urdu Bazar and the language was eventually termed Urdu. It) grew from the interaction of Persian speaking Muslim soldiers and native people. Soon, the Persian script and Nasta’liq form of cursive was adopted, with additional figures added to accommodate the south Asian Phonetic system, and a new language based on the south Asian Grammar with a vocabulary largely divided between Persian and indirectly some Arabic with local Prakrit dialects.
The poet wali Deccani (1667-1707) visited Delhi. He is termed “Bawa Adam” founding father of Urdu poetry. His visit is considered to be of great significance of Urdu Ghazals. His simple and melodious poems is Urdu, stunned the Persian loving nobles of Delhi and made then aware of the beauty and capability of “Rekhta” or “Hindawi (the old name for Urdu) as a medium of poetic expression. His visit this stimulated of development of Urdu Ghazal is imperial city of old Delhi.
Urdu soon gained distinction as the preferred language in courts of south Asia and eventually replaced Persian among the nobles. To this day retains an important place in literary and cultural spheres. Many distinctly Persian forms of literature, such as Ghazab and nazms, came to both influence and be affected by south Asian Culture Producing a distinct melding of middle eastern and south Asian heritages. A famous cross over writer was Amir Khusro, whose Persian and Urdu couplets are to this day read in India and Paksitan
vosuni Dekh Ke Rovon Main Din Rain
Persian language was crucial in the formation of a common language
of the central, North and the North west regions of the south
Asia. Following the Mughal conquest of south Asia and the resulting
vast Islamic empire, especially in the northern and central
regions of the south Asia, a hybrid language of Arabic, Pashto,
Turkish, Persian and local dialects began to form around 16th
and 17th centuries CE, one that would eventually
be known as Urdu.